The Krakow Ghetto was established in March 1941, with around 18,000 Jews from Krakow and its surrounding area imprisoned within its walls and barbed wire fences. Many were forced to work for German businesses and construction projects. 


In March 1942, deportation of the ghetto’s population to the Auschwitz and Belzec death camps began. In mid-March 1943, the SS and police carried out the liquidation of the ghetto, with its remaining residents either murdered, or transferred to camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau and Plaszow forced-labour camp. 

Each year the Cracow Memorial Committee commemorates the destruction of the ghetto in 1943. 


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